Atomic Cluster X-Ray Emission

Following the first observation of ‘‘anomalous’’ X-ray lines from clustered gas targets in the early 1990s [4-TD69.pdf], many subsequent experimental studies (cited below) have shown that under intense, short pulse? irradiation, clusters of size in the range 500–106 atoms become a source of bright X-rays, fast electrons (a few keV) and energetic, highly charged ions (up to 1 MeV and 40þ). This interaction is distinct from the Coulomb explosion dominated dynamics observed in clusters at lower intensity, and much more energetic than that of the well-studied cases of atoms [5–7-TD69.pdf], molecules [8,9-TD69.pdf] and small (coupling of laser energy to electrons and ions, the laser cluster interaction? is more akin to the bulk solid interaction [12-TD69.pdf], i.e. displaying plasma-like behavior. It should also be noted, that these nanometer scale clusters are considerably smaller than micron size droplets [13-TD69.pdf] and most micro- structured targets that have been studied for some time [14-TD69.pdf].

See Also

3.14 - Vortex Theory of Atomic Motions
13.04 - Atomic Subdivision
Atomic Cluster X-Ray Emission
Atomic Clusters
Atomic Force
atomic mass
atomic number
atomic theory
atomic triplet
atomic weight
Debye length
Debye length in a plasma
Debye length in an electrolyte
Etheric Orbital Rotations
Figure 13.06 - Atomic Subdivision
Formation of Atomic Clusters
Inert Gas
Interaction of Intense Laser Pulses with Atomic Clusters - Measurements of Ion Emission Simulations and Applications TD69.pdf
Laser Cluster Interactions
Law of Atomic Dissociation
Law of Atomic Pitch
Law of Oscillating Atomic Substances
Law of Pitch of Atomic Oscillation
Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Electricity
Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Sono-thermism
Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Temperature
Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Electricity and Magnetism
Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Rad-energy
Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Temperature
Law of Variation of Pitch of Atomic Oscillation by Pressure
Models of Laser Cluster Interactions
Plasma holes
Quasi-neutrality and Debye length
Violation of quasi-neutrality

Created by Dale Pond. Last Modification: Wednesday 05 of June, 2013 03:25:12 MDT by Dale Pond. (Version 3)
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