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Pauli Exclusion Principle

The Pauli exclusion principle is a quantum mechanical? principle formulated by the Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli? in 1925. In its simplest form for electrons in a single atom, it states that no two electrons can have the same four quantum numbers; that is, if n, l, and ml are the same, ms must be different such that the electrons have opposite spins. More generally, no two identical fermions (particles with half-integer spin) may occupy the same quantum state simultaneously. A more rigorous statement of this principle is that for two identical fermions, the total wavefunction is anti-symmetric.

In contrast, integer spin particles, bosons, are not subject to the Pauli exclusion principle. For bosons, any number of identical particles can occupy the same quantum state, as with, for instance, lasers and Bose-Einstein condensation?. (wikipedia)

See Also

Enharmonic
Fermion
Figure 14.07 - Love Principle: Two sympathetic waves expanding from two points have one coincident centering locus
Harmonic
Polarity
Principle of Polarity
Principle of Regeneration


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