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Magnetization

In classical electromagnetism, magnetization or magnetic polarization is the vector field that expresses the density of permanent or induced magnetic dipole moments? in a magnetic material. The origin of the magnetic moments responsible for magnetization can be either microscopic electric currents resulting from the motion of electrons in atoms, or the spin of the electrons or the nuclei. Net magnetization results from the response of a material to an external magnetic field, together with any unbalanced magnetic dipole moments? that may be inherent in the material itself; for example, in ferromagnets. Magnetization is not always homogeneous within a body, but rather varies between different points. Magnetization also describes how a material responds to an applied magnetic field as well as the way the material changes the magnetic field, and can be used to calculate the forces that result from those interactions. It can be compared to electric polarization, which is the measure of the corresponding response of a material to an electric field? in electrostatics?. Physicists and engineers define magnetization as the quantity of magnetic moment per unit volume. It is represented by a vector M. Wikipedia, Magnetization (external link)

See Also

Curies Law
Diamagnetism
Electromagnetism
Ferromagnetism
Magnetism
Paramagnetism


Page last modified on Thursday 01 of November, 2012 05:17:35 MDT

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